Antibiotics are drugs prescribed to fight bacterial infections, with the ability to eliminate or stop the multiplication of bacteria.
Taking antibiotics requires a prior medical evaluation so that the cause of the infection is diagnosed. If it is a viral infection – caused by a virus, such as the flu – taking antibiotics has no effect.
Antibiotics can also be prescribed in cases of high risk of infection, for prevention, what we call prophylactic antibiotics – for example, before surgery.
You should remember that some antibiotics aren’t indicated for people with certain pathologies – always ask your doctor beforehand.
There are also contraindicated antibiotics in case of pregnancy, breastfeeding, or even incompatible with taking other medications, such as the contraceptive pill.
It’s worth mentioning that some antibiotics can interact with existing medication (such as blood thinners or the contraceptive pill) and make them less effective.
It’s also sensible to avoid alcohol when taking antibiotics.
Before starting to take the prescribed antibiotic, carefully read the package and instructions, and later discuss any questions with your doctor.
When to take antibiotics?
You should only take antibiotics when prescribed by your doctor and strictly comply with all the indications given.
Do not stop taking the prescribed antibiotic because you no longer have the symptoms that led you to seek help. It is necessary that you complete the treatment, until the end.
You forgot to take a dose of the antibiotic. What to do?
Take it as soon as you remember. Then, continue to fulfil all the intakes, as prescribed.
In case the next dose is close, wait for the time of the same dose, and let the missed dose pass. NEVER TAKE A DOUBLE DOSE OF THE ANTIBIOTIC, because you have forgotten it before.
Knowing that resorting to improper and excessive use of antibiotics can contribute to their ineffectiveness in the future, increasing bacterial resistance, which in extreme situations can lead to death.
British researchers concluded that, from 2050 onwards, due to the misuse and excessive use of antibiotics, 10 million deaths could be accounted for annually. The resistance of microorganisms, known as superbugs, resistant bacteria could become a threat to the health of everyone, humans and animals.
We are talking about the death of someone, every 3 seconds that go by.
At Oval Medical Centre, our doctors will be available to help you understand if, in your case, you should resort to antibiotics, and which will be most beneficial for you.